Danses de Cour

Choreography by: Robert La Fosse

Music by: Richard Strauss

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Credits

Music
Divertimento for Small Orchestra, Op. 86
Premiere
June 3, 1994, The Diamond Project II, New York City Ballet, New York State Theater
Original Cast
Darci Kistler, Nikolaj Hübbe, Yvonne Borrée, Ethan Stiefel

Length
30 min.

This elegant, neo-classical work, Mr. La Fosse's third for New York City Ballet, is for two couples and a corps of 16. Mirroring its score, a 1934 piece that Strauss based on the music of French composer François Couperin (1668-1733), Danses de Cour is an inventive homage to the past. Mr. La Fosse calls it "a ballet of tributes. Just as Strauss borrowed from a Baroque composer, so I wanted to evoke the spirit of a French Baroque court."
 
Robert La Fosse began his dance training in Beaumont, Texas, where he was born and raised. In 1977 he came to New York to study with David Howard at Harkness House and later that year joined American Ballet Theatre where he was quickly promoted to the rank of Principal Dancer. Mr. La Fosse joined New York City Ballet in 1986 as a Principal Dancer. In addition to his work in classical ballet, Mr. La Fosse has appeared on Broadway in Bob Fosse's Dancin', and Jerome Robbins' Broadway. He began his work as a choreographer in 1985 and has created many works, ranging from Puss in Boots for the School of American Ballet, to Woodland Sketches which was presented as part of New York City Ballet's American Music Festival in 1988. In 1992, he choreographed I Have My Own Room for New York City Ballet's The Diamond Project I.
 
Richard Strauss (1864-1949) was a German composer and conductor best known for his tone poems and for operas composed to librettos by Austrian poet Hugo von Hofmannsthal. In Der Rosenkavalier (1911) they tried to recreate the lost aristocratic world of Vienna in the 1700's. Strauss' (1864-1949) Op. 86 Divertimento is based on the music of François Couperin (1668-1733). In fact, it was his third Couperin adaptation. The first, titled Dance Suite (1923), transcribes 19 of Couperin's harpsichord pieces, and was originally performed as a ballet. The second, suggestively titled Verklungene Feste (Bygone Festivities, 1940) was a wartime digression — Strauss was cut off from the opera house — consisting of the Dance Suite plus six new movements again intended as a ballet. The Divertimento, a concert work conceived shortly afterward, uses these six added movements plus two more. Clemens Krauss, who godfathered both Verklungene Feste and the Divertimento by requesting further Couperin arrangements after the style of the Dance Suite, conducted the first performance with the Vienna Philharmonic on January 31, 1934.
 
Known as Le Grand, Couperin was the most important French composer between Lully and Rameau. Though his output included much church and chamber music, he is mainly remembered as a composer for solo harpsichord. His four volumes of Pieces de Clavcin consist of some 230 miniatures, often programmatic in nature (and hence doubtless attractive to Strauss), and organized into 27 orders or suites. Strauss' Divertimento uses 16 such Couperin pieces, drawn from Orders 3, 5, 14, 15, 18, 20, 22, 24 and 25. This ballet uses 13 of these pieces. ( — From Playbill, Courtesy of Nonesuch Records)