Who Cares?

Choreography by: George Balanchine

Music by: George Gershwin, orchestration by Hershy Kay

Gershwin’s radiant melodies serve as the basis for syncopated group dances and balmy, romantic duets.

Balanchine had an early opportunity to work with George Gershwin: In 1937 Gershwin asked Balanchine to come to Hollywood to work with him on Goldwyn’s Follies(released 1938), which included a Romeo and Juliet number with a mock duel between ballet-dancing Montagues and tap-dancing Capulets. Thirty-three years later, Balanchine choreographed Who Cares? to 16 songs Gershwin composed between 1924 and 1931. Balanchine used the songs not to evoke a particular era but as a basis for a dynamic that is uniquely American and, more specifically, evocative of New York City: Balanchine’s choreography brings out the exuberance of city life.

Who Cares? is both the name of a ballet in the classical idiom by George Balanchine and an old song George and Ira Gershwin wrote in 1931 for Of Thee I Sing. The dictionary says “classic” means standard, leading, belonging to the highest rank or authority. Once it applied mainly to masterpieces from Greco-Roman antiquity; now we have boxing and horse-racing classics, classic cocktail-dresses, and classic cocktails. Among classic American composers we number Stephen Foster, John Philip Sousa, and George Gershwin (1898-1937). First heard 50 years ago, the best of Gershwin songs maintain their classic freshness, like an eternal martini – dry, frank, refreshing, tailor-made, with an invisible kick from its slightest hint of citron. Nostalgia has not syruped the songs’ sentiment nor robbed them of immediate piquancy. We associate them with time past, but when well sung or played, or preferably both at once, they not only revive but transcend their epoch.

The Gershwins’ beautiful manners and high style, their instant melange of insouciance and shrewd innocence, their just estimation of the imaginative elasticity of an elite audience that they had developed, have left a body of words and music that lives unblurred by vulgar rhetoric or machine-made sentiment. To combine an intensely personal attitude with a flagrantly popular language is a feat that few popular artists manage, and it is appropriate that Balanchine has used the songs not as facile recapitulation of a lost epoch, but simply as songs or melodies for classic, undeformed, traditional academic dances, which in their equivalence of phrasing, dynamics, and emotions find their brotherly parallel.

                                                                               –Lincoln Kirstein

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Strike up the Band (1927), Sweet and Low Down (1925), Somebody Loves Me (1924), Bidin’ My Time (1930), ’S Wonderful (1927), That Certain Feeling (1925), Do Do Do (1926), Lady Be Good (1924), The Man I Love (1924), I’ll Build a Stairway to Paradise (1922), Embraceable You (1930), Fascinatin’ Rhythm (1924), Who Cares? (1931), My One and Only (1927), Liza (1929), I Got Rhythm (1930)
February 5, 1970, New York City Ballet, New York State Theater
Original Cast
Jacques d'Amboise, Karin von Aroldingen, Patricia McBride, Marnee Morris

40 Min.
Costumes by
Karinska (original production), Santo Loquasto (current production)
Set by
Jo Mielziner (from November 1970)
Lighting by
Ronald Bates (original production); Mark Stanley (current production)